Many Internet users occasionally encounter annoying messages when visiting interesting web resources: “This service is not available in your region”, “Unfortunately, viewing this video is prohibited in your country”, “The provider has blocked access to this site.” All these are manifestations of Internet censorship, which restricts access to websites in many countries around the world. And Internet censorship is not only a restriction on freedom of speech. Some governments apply it to block access to web resources, which include pirated content or extremist content. However, censorship often includes random resources, as well as websites that express a point of view that runs counter to the official view of the government. Fortunately or, unfortunately, the Internet can not be fully controlled, like television or print media, because it is a worldwide network over which the government of any state has no control. But the segments of the Internet can be controlled, which we see on the example of such states as the United Arab Emirates, Syria, China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Vietnam, Tunisia, and so on.
The ways of restricting access are different everywhere: it can be a distortion of DNS queries for site blocking, IP and URL blocking, batch filtering of Internet content, such as the Chinese project “Golden Shield”, the organization of a chain from subnets on a state scale, where the final provider is physically Does not have access to external resources, but receives the content filtered by the supervisory authorities. The last scheme is implemented in North Korea, i.e. The Internet there is one giant local network where everything that is not allowed is prohibited. For example, recent legislative initiatives in Russia and the wishes of the political elite lead to the establishment of a model of the Internet both in China or in the DPRK. So, back in August 2014, the Minister of Communications and Communications of Russia announced that Russia would become an information independent in the next 5 years, but for now this concept has been successfully implemented through the strengthening of censorship and surveillance of users, control over online media and the ban on crypto currency. Of course, all this is done under the slogans of combating the spread of child pornography, terrorism and so on. In addition, the state does consider the Internet as an instrument of foreign propaganda. Therefore, along with pornographic and nationalist sites successfully blocking opposition web resources, expressing alternative views. And in fact about 10 years ago in Russia censorship practically did not exist, and the user freely chose the information. To protect yourself and your children from suspicious content, it’s quite enough to use the tools that are available to any user and do not require any attachments or complicated settings – this is filtering in search engines, the browser, and also in the OS.
Fortunately, there is a workaround for each lock tool. The most effective and preferred is the VPN. VPN is a combined designation of technologies that allow to organize between the user’s PC and the VPN server an encrypted tunnel, through which network traffic is transmitted to the external Internet. Inside such a tunnel, all outgoing and incoming data is encrypted, i. E. Your provider will not be able to know what sites you visited and what files you download. In addition, when using a VPN client, the user’s computer receives a fake IP address from the VPN server, which makes it possible to hide the real Internet address. This advantage is not limited to VPN: foreign providers, whose servers are usually used to organize a VPN, do not block any sites, which allows you to absolutely freely surf the Internet and download any information!